Care for the Smallest Spines: A Guide to Pediatric Scoliosis and Kyphosis

Children with spinal deformities benefit from early detection and appropriate treatment, whether that means monitoring, bracing or surgery. Pediatric orthopedic surgeon Ishaan Swarup, MD, breaks down the two most common conditions and explains key tools – from smartphone scoliometers to well-positioned X-rays – to increase diagnostic accuracy and efficiency. He clarifies which patients should be referred and offers educational resources to share with parents.

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UCSF Pediatrics

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Ishaan Swarup, MD

Ishaan Swarup, MD

Pediatric orthopedic surgeon
Director, Pediatric Orthopedic Trauma


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